“Evangelise the cities of Africa.” That had been at the core of Michael Cassidy’s vision for African Enterprise since 1961. In the following years the vision came true in city after city after city. Dozens of them, hundreds of them, from Cairo to the Cape. Little regional cities, big commercial cities, war-torn and ravaged cities, elegant national capitals, sprawling metropolises.

“How the cities responded! Crowds of hundreds, of thousands at any one time and, once, over a quarter of a million, would gather to hear the team as they joyfully proclaimed the good news of Christ’s love for that city”

(African Harvest, Anne Coomes, p233).


  • 23 October – Michael Cassidy converted at Cambridge.


  • A formative year for Michael Cassidy of being discipled through the Christian Union at Cambridge.


  • June – Michael Cassidy visits relatives in New York and attends Billy Graham’s outreach at Madison Square Garden. “‘I was fascinated by what I saw. Night after night I attended the meetings and was more and more moved each time.’ For, despite the vastness of the arena, Billy Graham’s message came across as brilliantly clear and simple and, above all, personal. It was clear to Michael that God was using Graham to speak directly and individually to the hearts of the many thousands there each night. Michael found the whole experience electrifying. He had never been to New York before, never mind a mass evangelistic crusade, but in some indefinable way, he felt he had ‘come home’… Suddenly, an inner voice said clearly: ‘Why not in Africa? I want you to do evangelism for me in the cities of Africa’…He knew at that moment that he had received a direct call from God. ‘The voice within me came as clear as a bell. I was stunned'” (AH, pg 68).


  • Michael graduates from Cambridge with a BA in Modern and Medieval Languages, and teaches for six months in London at a boy’s prep school.
  • Late 1958/ early 1959: Visits Francis Schaeffer at L’abri, Switzerland. A formative experience. Importance of Apologetics discovered.


  • Michael returns home to Basutoland. Nine month wait to go to Fuller Theological Seminary. The Lord provides the money at the last minute for travel. Call to seminary and full-time work consolidated.
  • Group of Fuller Theological Seminary students began to pray for Michael’s embryonic vision for evangelism in Africa. Ed Gregory began to pray with Michael for 31 major cities in Africa each day of the month, asking God to allow them to minister in them one day.
  • November/ December: Charles Fuller, Founder of Fuller Theological Seminary, tells Michael he wants to help get African Enterprise off the ground.


  • February: Name “African Enterprise” agreed upon and finalised.
  • 9 May 1960: First African Enterprise letters sent out. Michael’s journal records: “Sent off my first African Enterprise letters. This may prove to be quite a spiritual Rubicon for me. Once committed to this it will be difficult to turn back. But I go forward sure of the Lord’s ultimate sovereignty and not fearful of having Him block these plans if they are not in His will. I do not fear mistakes because I know that he who made no mistakes never made anything.”
  • Summer: Michael Cassidy spends time ‘waiting on God’ and feels deep assurance to proceed. Confirmation came via Mary Jane Smith (wife of Professor Wilbur Smith), at Fuller Theological Seminary. Handing him a tract, “she said only, ‘Michael I was praying for you, and felt that you should have this.’ The tract was entitled, ‘This thing is from me’. On the back pages were these words: ‘Are you called upon to launch out upon a great and demanding undertaking? This thing is from me. Therefore launch out on me, for I have given you the possession of difficulties.’ ‘That did it. I knew then what I had to do,’ said Michael” (pg 80 AH).
  • Bruce Bare came on board as a support to AE. Over the years he travelled to Africa 57 times at his own expense to encourage and advise the team.


  •  11 January: First AE Board Meeting with Bruce Bare as Chairman. Michael’s journal records: ‘Well the hurdle has been taken, the boats burned, the die cast, and the Rubicon crossed. We had our first African Enterprise Board Meeting today. Am too tired and exhausted to write much, but Hallelujah to Jesus. May His name be glorified. A verse He gave me anew this evening- for I first claimed it long ago was Isaiah 54: 17 (‘No weapon that is formed against thee shall prosper: and every tongue that shall rise against thee in judgment thou shalt condemn. This is the heritage of the servants of the Lord and their vindication is from me.’) I believe this with all my heart.”
  • Michael Cassidy and Ed Gregory toured the cities in Africa. They visited Tunis, Casablanca, Dakar, Conakry, Freetown, Monrovia, Abidjan, Accra, Lagos, Leopoldville, Elisabethville, Brazzaville, Salisbury, Pietermaritzburg, Maseru, Blantyre, Zomba, Nairobi, Addis Ababa, Asmara, Cairo, and Johannesburg.
  • 18 July: It was during this tour that Michael went for a long solitary walk along the beach in Liberia. Suddenly on impulse, Michael drew a vast outline of Africa in the sand. He scrawled: ‘Claimed for Jesus’ inside it. Michael then walked fifty steps, asking the Lord for one year of ministry for every foot print in the African sand.


  • Early on in the year, Stephen Lungu, a member of the Black Shadows gang, who later became International Team Leader of AE, was converted at a tent meeting in Salisbury (now Harare), Zimbabwe.
  • 5 August: Nelson Mandela arrested just outside Pietermaritzburg.
  • 13 – 25 August: African Enterprise’s first mixed race mission to Pietermaritzburg led by Michael Cassidy, Paul Birch, Don Ehat, Dick Peace, Chris Smith who were all students at Fuller Theological Seminary at the time.
  • After the “Mission to ‘Maritzburg”, the team visited many people includ­ing Alan Paton and Peter Brown, founders of the South African Liberal Party. On the north coast of Natal, Michael Cassidy and Dick Peace met in secret with Chief Albert Luthuli. The rest of the team were unable to join the encounter because having more than two people with the chief at any one moment would violate the cruel ban­ning laws under which he had to live. “The answer for South Africa”, Luthuli told the evangelists, “is the way of the Master”. Luthuli’s classic book Let My people Go, was also banned in South Africa. Michael wondered how the South African government could have been de­nied the gracious, Christian, strong and moderate word of this volume. “Thus the insanity of Apartheid,” he commented. Said Chief Luthuli, “Just because I am banned, the South African government must not think the ANC (African National Congress) is broken. New leadership will emerge, some more radical than I.” (Christians for Peace in Africa presented Mrs Albertina Luthuli, his daughter, with the Michael Cassidy Peace Award in 2011).


  • June – AE became a legal corporation- Eugene Parks (Executive Director), Bruce Bare, Rose Baessler, Dr Carlton Booth, Dr John Crouthamel, James Gorton, Bill Gwinn, Paul Winter (Board Members), Michael Cassidy, Paul Birch, Don Ehat, Dick Peace, Chris Smith (Team Members).
  • AE leads first ever evangelistic mission to University of Oregon in Portland.
  • Summer: Michael works with Leighton Ford of Billy Graham team in East Canada and Michael leads mission


  • Michael and Paul Birch cross Canada on promo tour to raise prayer and funds.
  • September: Team works at the Billy Graham Los Angeles Crusade.
  • Team returns to South Africa.


  • Ladysmith Mission: Black people were not allowed into the Ladysmith City Hall. This was the first and last time African Enterprise would ever agree to hold meetings under such restrictions. Michael Cassidy later wrote: “Forever the memory of it sends shivers of embarrassment and shame through me. To think we allowed ourselves to be thus bludgeoned and compromised.”
  • AE launches intern programme.
  • Vryheid Mission
  • Harrismith Mission
  • First South African University Mission to University of Natal, Durban.
  • Rhodesia (then called) – 11 November: Ian Smith declared his Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI) from Britain.


  • Michael Cassidy and Nicholas Bengu attend the Berlin Congress, organised by the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association, along with hundreds of Christians from all over the world. Michael was asked to present a paper on “Political Nationalism as an Obstacle to Evangelism.” Three Dutch Reformed leaders forbade Michael to deliver the paper, calling him a traitor to the country. Michael delivered it regardless producing a great commotion in the South African group. John Stott, who was to become his close friend and mentor, encouraged him, “Maybe there are some people whose support you shouldn’t have.”
  • Six month mission in Basutoland – Freedom ’66 (film of it made).


  • March – New team members: Abiel Thipanyane (turning down a job as the official interpreter to the Lesotho Parliament- to their amazement), John Tooke (graphic designer and PR man) and Shirley Reynolds (youth worker, singer and guitarist). Team approached Ebenezer Sikakane (of Union Bible Institute) and planned to bring him on board full time by the end of 1968.
  • April- Four month Spearhead Youth Mission in Cape Town.
  • June – AE’s first indigenous film unit.
  • July – Two month long Wits Mission.
  • Mission to Teacher’s Training College, Johannesburg.
  • Five American interns came to help out during their summer holidays.


  • Michael Cassidy leads first ever private school mission to Michaelhouse.
  • AE mission to Hilton College.


  • “Crossroads” six month mission to Nairobi- first mission outside of South Africa. AE’s first use of “stratified evangelism”.
  • Festo Kivengere agreed, on Michael’s invitation, to join African Enterprise and build up a team in East Africa.
  • August- University of Cape Town Mission, Michael and Carol meet and get engaged on their first date (after the mission).
  • September to October: Michael on major ministry tour in USA.
  • 16 December – Michael and Carol Cassidy get married.
  • Paul Birch leaves South Africa to go back to Canada.


  • 300 churches involved in Mission ’70 to Johannesburg. Abiel Thipanyane and Ebenezer Sikakane spear headed Soweto Mission. After Mission ’70 the AESA team prayed about what the next big step should be. They felt a strong impression from God to branch out on a new venture: “The Word came through to us so clearly to try and call together the whole Church of South Africa to speak to the nation.” This led to the Durban Congress in 1973 and then SACLA (1979).
  • Michael Cassidy’s booklet, Decade of Decisions, published.
  • Second mission to Wits University


  • Dick and Judy Peace leave South Africa to go back to America.
  • Festo Kivengere establishes the first East African team in Uganda, and Christians in Kenya and Tanzania were soon interested in forming their own teams as well.
  • Michael studies under Bishop Stephen Neil during three month sabbatical in Kenya.
  • Idi Amin comes to power in Uganda.
  • Michael and Carol Cassidy visit Uganda to meet with Festo Kivengere, Zeb Kabaza and team. Also significant time with John and Mary Wilson.


  • August: Daphne Tshabalala and Barbara Davies spearhead the ministry of “Bonginkosi” (Zulu for “Praise the Lord”) in Edendale, KwaZulu-Natal. Barbara said of the ministry, “Bonginkosi hadn’t the power to change laws which separated us, but we each had the power to change the attitudes which separated us. God had called us to work together and to reach each others’ hearts.” (Barbara Davies)
  • Festo Kivengere made Bishop of Kigezi, Uganda.
  • David Peters joins the AE team in Pietermaritzburg.
  • Mission to Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa.
  • Preparations for South African Congress on Mission and Evangelism in Durban.


  • 13 – 22 March: Durban Congress: “… Eight hundred people of virtually every racial, theological and ecclesiastical variety found in Southern Africa, together with visitors from East Africa, Europe and North America, confronted each other and ended up discovering one another as members of the one Body called into fellowship for the sake of the gospel in the life of the world… It does not mean that everybody ended up in agreement, that tensions are no more, that theological differences have been overcome and rendered obsolete. No, it means that the Body of Christ is greater than any one of its constituent parts, and that the healing power of the gospel is more potent for personal and social change than any one of our unavoidably partial interpretations of it.” (Dr John de Gruchy of Cape Town University-p 390 AH)
  • March: First ever non-racial evangelistic rally in King’s Park Stadium with Billy Graham (50 000 present).
  • At the Congress team meets Gary Strong, Chris Sewelle and Phineas Dube from Rhodesia/ Zimbabwe. Strong and Sewelle were later Team Leaders in AE Zimbabwe and Phineas Dube Board Chair.
  • Michael Cassidy’s book, Where are you Taking the World Anyway? published.
  • On a visit to Uganda Michael Cassidy asked to leave because his passport said he was a “missionary”. Idi Amin said missionaries were no longer welcome in the country. In consequence John Wilson entered the AE ministry.
  • John Wilson became Deputy Regional Team Leader under Festo Kivengere.


  • First Pan African Team meeting in Glion, Switzerland.
  • Lausanne Congress on World Evangelism: (Festo Kivengere a main speaker. Michael Cassidy led the seminar on University Evangelism). Some 2,700 participants from over 150 nations gathered in Lausanne, Switzerland, for ten days of discussion, fellowship, worship and prayer. The result was the Lausanne Covenant. African Enterprise subscribes to the Lausanne Covenant and takes it as its Constitutionally enshrined Statement of Faith.
  • Michael Cassidy’s book, Prisoners of Hope, is published.
  • I Will Heal their Land published – The content of the South African Congress on Mission and Evangelism, edited by Michael Cassidy.
  • Mission to University of Natal, Pietermaritzburg.
  • Michael Cassidy’s book, The Relationship Tangle, published for use in Pinetown Mission and as text book for the Mission to Maritzburg the following year.
  • Malcolm and Bertha Graham join AE. Malcolm Graham soon became the administrative centre and lynchpin of AE Internationally.
  • November: Bishop Festo led an East African team to the UK, where for the first time ever black Christians from Independent Africa conducted a series of citywide evangelistic meetings in major cities, including Manchester, London and Belfast.
  • Michael speaks at symposium on evangelism at World Council of Churches, Geneva.


  • African Enterprise Mission to Fort Hare University (“the home of black power”) postponed. “If you come here the campus might so explode that we would have to close it down,” said the Rector of the university. On the way to the mission Michael Cassidy and Maurice Ngakane met in secret with Steve Biko, then living under banning orders.
  • March: Abiel Thipanyane – first AE mission to a hospital, Morija, Lesotho- Scott Hospital.
  • Festo Kivengere’s book, Love Unlimited, published.
  • Mission to Maritzburg ’75- “AE decided to take the plunge and introduce a major shift in its evangelistic strategy. In the first phase before the mass meetings, Maritzburg ’75 was to take the form of a series of congregational missions. Each congregation was invited to design and execute its own mission, with the help of training and resources provided by AE and other Christian agencies. This approach emphasized the importance of both homogeneity and diversity in evangelism. Each church was expected to pay for its own mission. Fifty churches involved. Pentecostal churches organized a prayer chain for eight months before the mission- total of 5,856 hours in prayer.” (pg 242 AH)
  • Counsellor and lay training pre mass stadium meetings held in City Hall.
  • The Relationship Tangle was the text book- five sections constituted the homework for the five week counselor training held weekly in the City Hall. Five Scripture verses to be memorized each week. A twenty question, True or False exam opened each class. Lots of fun!
  • A week of packed stadium meetings at PMB Show Grounds, climaxed the mission with final rally at Woodburn Stadium, 10,000 present.
  • November: Michael and Festo conduct missions in Nicaragua and Costa Rica.
  • December: Michael attends World Council of Churches Assembly. He and John Stott, who spoke in a plenary, were among the few evangelical representatives present.


  • March: Abiel Thipanyane – weekly radio broadcast on Radio Lesotho- draws thousands of listeners.
  • June: Soweto Riots, South Africa. Michael is doing a Mission to Rosebank Union Church in Johannesburg when main explosion of June 16 happened in Soweto with several hundred school children killed. His sermon was on, “O South Africa, O South Africa… “If only you knew….” (c.f.
  • Luke 19: 42 and Matthew 23: 37).
  • May: AE helped and facilitated the Rhodesia Congress on Evangelism in Context, held in Bulawayo. Michael and team helped draft the prophetic document emerging from the Congress and sent to Prime Minister Ian Smith and all leaders, black and white.
  • December: PACLA (Pan African Christian Leadership Assembly), Nairobi. 800 delegates from 49 countries came together from all over Africa to share their perspectives, to seek reconciliation, and have time for reflection and evangelistic strategising. “Reconciliation is no cheap matter. It does not come about by simply papering over deep-seated differences. Reconciliation presupposes confrontation. Without that we do not get reconciliation, but merely a temporary glossing over of differences…” (David Bosch, Professor of Missiology, UNISA).


  • January: Michael in crisis over South Africa. Resolves with David Bosch to call churches of South Africa together for SACLA (South African Christian Leadership Assembly).
  • Archbishop of Uganda and Chairman of African Enterprise, Janani Luwum, assassinated by Idi Amin.
  • Festo Kivengere and his wife escaped and went into exile for a year.
  • Festo and Michael conduct missions in Panama City and Balboa.
  • Bonginkosi, a ministry started by Daphne Tshabalala (head-mistress of Nich­ols Primary School, Edendale, Pietermaritzburg, and later African Enterprise board member) and Barbara Davies (AE team member), became part of AE’s ministry and grew rapidly. It started after one lunch time when Daphne was eating her sandwich: “Just as I was finishing, I thought suddenly of an errand that had to be done. So, still holding a crust of bread in my hand, I left my office in search of a child to send.”
  • A little boy was lying in front of her office, under a tree. Next to the child was a dog. “I threw the crust of bread to the dog, but to my greatest horror, the child jumped up, faster than the dog, to rescue that crust and eat it himself.” Daphne never got over the shock of that moment. “Like a flash of lightening, very big words stood before my eyes telling me: There are really hungry chil­dren in this school.” She knew these children needed to be fed but she had no financial resources. Elsewhere in Pietermaritzburg Barbara was seeking God for guidance about what He wanted her to do, and went to see Daphne. The feeding scheme was launched.
  • Ebenezer Sikakane and Festo Kivengere did large rallies in Kumasi, Ghana.
  • April: RETURN (“Rehabilitation, Education, Training for Ugandan Refugees Now”) to help meet the need of many thousands of Ugandan refugees after Idi Amin unleashes violent terror.
  • Good Friday Service: Festo Kivengere goes to All Soul’s Langham Place- struggled through the service trying to forgive Idi Amin- “When peace finally came, it was ‘fresh air for my tired soul. I knew I had seen the Lord and been released; love filled my heart’.” (pg 365 AH)
  • Festo Kivengere’s book, I love Idi Amin, written and published with major help from Dorothy Smoker in AEUSA office.


  • Bonginkosi, by August 1978, was feeding nearly 1000 children a day.
  • Michael Cassidy and Gottfried Osei-Mensah publish Together in One Place: The Story of PACLA.
  • Also published: Facing the New Challenges, editors: Michael and Luc Verlinden (all the edited papers of PACLA).
  • April/ May: Festo and Michael lead first major Australian mission (“Bridgehead ‘78”) to Blakehurst and Miranda (southern suburbs of Sydney).
  • Chris and Barbara Smith leave South Africa to go back home.
  • Mission to University of Zululand.
  • “In 1978 alone, AE found itself (stretched to the very limits) with thirty major invitations to fulfill. So the East African AE team and the South African AE team combined for ministry in cities from Cape Town to Cairo and from Monrovia, Liberia to Mombasa, Kenya.” (pg 249 AH)
  • Mission to Cairo, Assuit and Alexandria (Festo and Michael preached duo-type sermons).
  • April: Idi Amin overthrown, Uganda.
  • NACLA (National Christian Leadership Assembly) in Rhodesia/ Zimbabwe. AE does major set-up.


  • 5 – 15 July: SACLA (South African Christian Leadership Assembly). 6000 South African Christians, including 500 Dutch Reformed church leaders, gathered in Pretoria. AE felt that it was called to face the demanding task of seeking to bring the Body of Christ together to face the challenges of mission and evangelism on the African continent. Amid the euphoria of togetherness the agonising issues of polarisation and hurt were faced after a challenging opening message of reconciliation from Bishop Desmond Tutu, which set the tone for the week.
  • Friday 11th May: Bishop Festo Kivengere, and his wife Mera, return to Uganda from exile – Festo, having by now reached “superstar status”.


  • “Operation Foxfire” was the name given by the African Enterprise team in Zimbabwe to their new venture for outreach. Launched under the leadership of the late Sheckie Masika, it consisted of teams of young people who went out into rural communities in pairs to teach, preach, pray for the sick and help re-open churches closed during the Bush War.
  • Michael Cassidy and Festo Kivengere led a week of dual ministry – 20 000 people, 17 rallies, in Soweto, Cape Town, Durban and Pietermaritzburg.
  • July 1980 – Mission to Imbali and Edendale. Nico Kleynhans developed a specialised youth evangelism team called “The Ambassadors”.
  • Kimberley Mission- “Festival of Faith and Fellowship.”
  • Michael Cassidy- sabbatical tour and study time – time of reflection on AE- Revelation 3: 8 for AE. Bus loads of young black people come to AE Centre for follow up conference. Conversion of Luthando Charlie, later imprisoned. Post prison Michael and Carol foster him and get him into Hilton College as first black student.
  • Michael begins writing Bursting the Wineskins during sabbatical times at Cambridge and Oxford.
  • “In the 1980s Festo Kivengere’s team was caught up in the dramas of Idi Amin’s cruel rule and its aftermath. Once, when in his home area of Kibale, it was announced that three men were to be publicly executed by firing squad in a local stadium for protesting at the injustices of the Amin government. Festo went to President Amin and protested, but to no effect. Festo then asked the authorities if he could speak to the men before they were executed. Permission was granted. The three men were led into the stadium, hobbled with rope at both their wrists and feet, and followed by nine soldiers with AK47s. Then Festo was told he could go and address them. To the amazement of all, each of these men in turn began to give their testimonies as to how they had found Jesus Christ in prison and how the spirit of love and forgiveness had in consequence been birthed in their hearts. They told the crowd they forgave Idi Amin, and they forgave the soldiers who were about to shoot them. The crowd was stunned. One could have heard a pin drop. After Festo had stepped aside, the nine shots rang out. The three men fell dead to the ground. But their miraculous spirit of forgiveness had left the crowd spiritually overwhelmed and reminded of Jesus’ own words on the cross, “Father, forgive them for they know not what they do” (Luke 23:34). Festo reported that for weeks after this episode there were multitudes who came spontaneously to Christ, so powerful was the forgiveness testimony of the prisoners as they were about to die.” (AH)


  • ERA (Evangelism, Reconciliation and Action) Missions. “ERAs were structured to make African Enterprise’s approach more holistic, and geared for the broken South African context. So as well as evangelism there was reconciliation and building relationships in a context of alienation.” (pg 274 AH) Also practical projects of compassionate action.
  • Month long mission to Kitui, led by Gershon Mwiti, reached 60, 000 people.
  • Combined SA and East African team- Copperbelt Mission, Zambia. A blind man received sight under Dave Peter’s ministry.
  • “Hope ‘81”, Windhoek, Namibia.
  • AESA team go into Elsies River- “The Elsies River Mission had a profound effect on AE: ‘Since Elsies River, our burden for the black townships of SA has deepened even more. I believe God is wanting to do a special thing in the black townships, not only in winning thousands to Christ by the Holy Spirit, but in getting his people both in the townships and in white urban South Africa to face the phenomenal challenge, the desperate human need and the spiritual openness and opportunity which these townships represent.” (pg 274 AH) 10 000 in closing rally of Elsies River. Michael stayed with Rev. Joh Gongungkulu Ndungare, later to be Archbishop of Anglican Church (SA).
  • First Bridge Building Encounter weekend at AE Centre. (55 black youth leaders from Elsies River – The harmony of AE’s multi-racial team made a deep impact on them)
  • Sixty evangelists set out to visit twenty one Ujamaa villages near Dodoma, Tanzania- 3000 accepted Christ at the closing rally.
  • By April – AE doubled its feeding project in Uganda- 20 000 children in seventy five schools a day.
  • May- AE launched a baby immunisation Project in Kampala.
  • September: AE was feeding 29 500 children throughout Northern Uganda each day.
  • “The Great Shoot Out”- immunisation programme in Uganda.
  • “From Uganda with Love” after the fall of Idi Amin (East African team visit to UK). Festo and John Wilson make a deep impact across UK.


  • Stephen Lungu joins the African Enterprise team in Malawi.
  • April: Michael and Carol Cassidy and their children, David Peters, Abiel Thipanyane, Festo Kivengere, Dr Don Jacobs, Gershon Mwiti and Stephen Mung’oma- “mission” to Jerusalem, Nazareth, Haifa, Jericho, Bethlehem and Tel Aviv. “We are desperately in need of a message of reconciliation” (United Christian Council of Israel). (pg 515 AH)
  • Peta-Tikvah, AE’s “From Africa with Love” Pan-African teamlet met at Peta-Tikvah, Israel, where the biggest gathering yet of Jewish and Palestinian believers came together for half a day of fellowship with a picnic and church service included. AE ministered all over Israel and the West Bank in 93 meetings over 10 days, spanning Dan to Beersheba.
  • July- Combined teams to Mutare (formerly Umtali), Zimbabwe- three week mission. Highly successful.


  • Michael Cassidy’s book, Bursting the Wineskins, published.
  • Festo Kivengere’s book, Revolutionary Love, published.
  • “Blantyre for Jesus”, Malawi. “The follow-up department outdid themselves: eight volunteer workers working eight hours a day managed to post out the 8000 follow-up letters to people who indicated some new form of professed commitment to Christ.” (pg 257 AH) Songe Chibambo, and his wife, Lucy, (both volunteers) joined Malawi team fulltime, (Songe- later to become Missions Director of AESA team then Pan African Director). “Mountain-top time”.
  • Crisis in AE- some discussion on East African and Southern Africa teams separating. Decided the change would not take place: “The crisis reaches a head in a team conference at De Burght Conference Centre near Amsterdam… Tensions exploded and all of a sudden the AE ministry seemed to be in smithereens. Once in Amsterdam the team met again for many hours to share, confront, express anger, confess sin and seek mutual forgiveness and reconciliation. It was however more verbal than real. There was a long way to go.” (pg 499 AH) Relationships were tested and prevailed- “The working of gospel principles and the operation of plain, old fashioned deep friendships had carried the day.” (pg 502 AH)


  • Orpheus Hove joins AE Zimbabwe Team.
  • Israel Havugimana leads AE Rwanda from 1984 -1994
  • AESA’s Centre became fully operational
  • March: AE’s first proper training programme at AESA’s Training Centre.
  • April: Makerere University in Kampala (Festo and the East African Team lead the mission).
  • April: James Katarikawe, head of Ugandan team, led mission to Mbarara.
  • June: “Good News to Gweru”, Zimbabwe.
  • “Destiny ‘84” Mission to Wits University.
  • “Good News for Johannesburg”- aimed at business community- 9000 Christians involved.


  • June: Following Johannesburg Mission, Michael leads “Top Level Encounter” mission in Cape Town to leadership and business community.
  • September: Mission to Michaelhouse.
  • September:NIR – National Initiative for Reconciliation.
  • September: Fishnet City Wide Youth Mission to Port Elizabeth.
  • Mission to Monrovia: “One of the most demanding missions in AE’s history”. AESA team had to go back to South Africa before the mission started. “They had visas and they all came through all the check-points of the airport and were out in the parking area packing the hired Van with their PA equipment when the Military police arrived and said that “whites from SA (Mike Odell, David Hotchkiss and Barry Wittstock) could not enter Liberia”. They then cancelled the visas, that had taken me a year to obtain, and ordered the white SA folk out of Liberia stating that as a nation, ruled and led by a Military government they, the military police, over-ruled the authorities who had issued the visas in error!  They tried very hard to persuade the black SA guys (Abiel Thipanyane and Sam Hlatswayo) to stay but Abiel  would have none of it” (David Richardson- email to MW- May 2013). “I have spent my whole life in South Africa fighting against this kind of discrimination,” said Abiel. “We are brothers in Christ on this team, black and white. And if you refuse my white brothers, I refuse also to enter your country.” “While they waited for a flight out of Monrovia we formed a prayer group right in the middle of the airport concourse. Many locals and airport staff joined us and a huge group locked arms and prayed for the mission, the city, the country, for Africa and the trip home for the whole SA group. I was there during the whole horrible and ghastly process that ended more triumphantly that evening at a concert where the 1000 voice mission choir sang and Bishop Gus Maweh (sp) uttered his famous line “De Debil, he got de right ta fight, But he DON’T got de right ta win!!!”. (David Richardson- email to MW, May 2013) At the end of the mission, Archbishop Browne presented each AE team member with an unusual present: an embroidered banner saying, “The Greatest Crusade Ever in Liberia” (pg 273 AH).
  • Michael Cassidy’s book, Chasing the Wind, is published.
  • November: “Good News for Harare” mission
  • AE intern programme given an official name: AE Project TIM (Training in Mission), under Dennis Bailey. The interns were known as “Tims” or “Timothys” and they were challenged to follow their namesake.
  • 8 October: Michael Cassidy’s “encounter” with President PW Botha.
  • 9 October: AESA’s “Pray Away”- Most of SA, except for some mine workers, stayed home to pray either at home or in churches.
  • October: City-wide Pan African Mission to Dar es Salaam.
  • November: Top level encounter to Harare leadership, Zimbabwe.
  • December: Mission to leadership in New York, including United Nations Ambassadors. Michael joined by Brian Gibson, SA newspaper editor, Obed Kunana, Nigel Goodwin, (Maurice Phindeville, organizer).
  • December: UK Evangelists Conference, Michael and Brian Gibson ministering.


  • 16 March – John Wilson died at the hands of gunmen in his home country of Uganda while trying to reconcile the warring factions. Wilson had become AE Deputy Regional Team Leader under Bishop Festo Kivengere in 1973. His incredible ministry of peace and reconciliation took him to every country in Africa and to most nations in the Middle East. He was awarded the St. Andrews Cross by the Archbishop of Canterbury in recognition of his outstanding efforts towards peace.
  • March: First NIR Teamlet tour, Michael Cassidy arrested in Serato in Port Elizabeth Township. New Brighton Rally proceeds regardless.
  • March: Carmel Prophetic Conference: Israel, team meet Gospel comedian, Jack and Marit Garratt running Carmel Centre there. Garratts invited to join AE and they do.
  • June: Kampala Mission, Uganda. We are joined by Victoria Wilson, daughter of John, to make memorial film.
  • Major ministry tour of Australia.
  • February: ITLF meet in Harare for one week.
  • September: International Team Leader’s Fellowship meet for one week in Lusaka.
  • October: City wide mission to Witbank
  • November: Major ministry tour of USA
  • Mission to Meru, Kenya- 80 000 people heard the gospel that week.
  • International Partnership Board (IPB) meets in Harare.
  • AESA’s admin block and offices completed.
  • Middle East Christian Leadership Assembly (MECLA). Held in secret on island of Aegina. Christian Israelis and Christian leaders from eleven Arab nations. AE sponsored and mediated.
  • December: Michael and David Richardson meet President Kaunda of Zambia, plus ANC exiles in Lusaka, including Thabo Mbeki, later President of SA.


  • Edward Muhima becomes a member of AEE Uganda.
  • March: In UK, at Jubilee Centre, Cambridge Michael Cassidy meets in secret SA/UK Think Tank- First encounter with Washington Okumu, later to play major role in SA ’94 Elections.
  • May: “Lilongwe for Jesus”
  • Christian Leadership Training Centre launched its two formal training programmes- the Certificate in Mission and Ministry and the Diploma in Missiology.


  • 29 February: Alpheus Zulu died.
  • March: Mamelodi Encounter, whites in black townships (organised by Nico Smith and AE).
  • May: Bishop Festo Kivengere dies of leukemia and is given a state funeral.
  • Edward Muhima becomes Team Leader of AEE Uganda.
  • October- Ugandan team of more than 100 evangelists, led by Edward Muhima, went to Jinga, Uganda.
  • Two major regional missions to Kigali, Rwanda.
  • Mission to Mzimba, Malawi.
  • June: Australian church leaders (under Archbishop David Penman tour SA under AE organization.
  • July: Another backstage Jubilee Conference in UK. Michael present with Washington Okumu and other seminat leaders from SA.
  • 31 July to 14 August: “Manzini for Jesus”, Swaziland. Weeks before the mission started- Mission Director, Neil Paggard and his wife Billy were involved in a very serious car accident – Billie suffered serious brain damage- from which she never recovered.
  • August: John Stott- ministry tour to SA under the auspices of AE.
  • Charlie Bester (Michael Cassidy’s nephew, son of Judy and Tony Bester), an intern at AE, refused service when summoned, in the South African Defence Force (SADF). Consequences were six years in prison- Charlie served twenty months before being released by a ruling of both President de Klerk and the Appellate Division of the SA Supreme Court.
  • The Cost of Reconciliation in SA, published. Editors- Klaus Nurenbeyer and John Tooke.


  • Kigali Regional Mission, Rwanda: The East African team spoke to literally tens of thousands of people in a mixture of large public rallies and smaller meetings throughout the city.
  • Michael Cassidy’s book, The Passing Summer, published.
  • May/ June: “Lusaka Back to God” mission. Zambia: In many early AE missions, like this one, house to house visita­tion was an integral component. Many were led to Christ out of this.
  • July: Lausanne II in Manilla (Michael Cassidy addressed the plenary).
  • October: USA/Canada ministry tours.


  • January: USA/ Canada ministry tours.
  • Mission to Mbabane, Swaziland.
  • Sunday, 11 February: Nelson Mandela was released from prison. Liberation Movements (including the South African Communist Party) were unbanned. Political life in South Africa was normalising.
  • November 5 – 9, Rustenburg: National Conference of Church Leaders in South Africa “Towards a united Christian Witness in a changing South Africa”. Co-chaired by Dr Frank Chikane and Dr Louw Alberts. The Rustenburg Declaration was drawn up.
  • July: OASE Renewal Conference in Norway- Michael and Mvumi Dandala.
  • August: North American Renewal Conference, Indianapolis.
  • September: Evangelism, Reconciliation, Action (ERA) mission in Kloof, mini- mission to St Anne’s, Hilton.
  • October: City-wide mission to Nairobi.
  • November: “Gabarone for Jesus”, Bostwana- four teams (from SA, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Swaziland) came together.
  • Bonginkosi: By 1990 the small seed planted in 1972 with 30 children had grown into a large tree. 10, 500 children a day in 51 schools throughout South Africa were receiving a cup of protein-enriched soup and a thick slice of bread as a result of the Bonginkosi ministry. The ministry ex­tended to providing health care, blankets and clothes, skills development and wherever possible, the Gospel was shared.


  • February: Mission to St Johns, Johannesburg.
  • May/ June: Ministries in Australia and New Zealand.
  • Michael Cassidy’s book, The Politics of Love, published.
  • Orpheus Hove becomes Team Leader of AE Zimbabwe (until 2001). During this time he also becomes one of AE’s deputy International Team Leaders.
  • Dar es Salaam “Back to God” Mission in Tanzania.
  • David Richardson, AE’s Pan- African Missions Director and AESA’s Missions Director, goes back to Canada to head AE’s office in Canada. Douglas Nsibandzi (from Swaziland) took over, but about six months later he left and returned to Swaziland.
  • Autumn: Bulawayo Mission – One team member said, “Book of Acts stuff, that!” (pg 285 AH) “Incidentally, a year later, when the team went back for follow-up, all 57 of those offering for fulltime service were there for further counsel.” (pg 286 AH)
  • September: Mini mission to St Anne’s
  • First course in the Diploma in Social Empowerment and Development was completed by eight students.
  • Democratic Vision of South Africa, published by AE, edited by Klaus Nurnberger, assisted by Dr John Tooke.
  • October: Ministry in Switzerland.


  • February: Second Pan African Christian Leadership Assembly (PACLA II), Nairobi.
  • AE called on the churches for a chain of intercessory prayer, non-stop, day and night, for two years in the lead up to the first democratic elections in South Africa.
  • Harambee ‘92
  • October: Michael Cassidy speaks to leaders in Madam Speaker’s Lounge in House of Commons.
  • October: Sadleir lectures on John 17 by Michael Cassidy at Wycliffe Theological College, Toronto.
  • December: First “Kolobe Lodge Dialogue Weekend”.
  • “From Africa with Love” – AE team visited the major political groups and leaders in SA to pray with them. Between 1992 and 1993 a series of six “Kolobe Lodge Dialogue Weekends” were held. Groups of politicians from across the political spectrum were invited to come away for a weekend together of informal autobiographical sharing that broke down stereotypes and paved the way for understanding and friendship between former political enemies.


  • 1993 was taken up with much backstage and secret ministries related to SA, the deep conflict and the upcoming ’94 election.
  • March: Mission to Sea Point, Cape Town.
  • March: European leader’s conference at Windsor Castle, UK.
  • May: New Providence (New Jersey) Renewal Conference.
  • June: Kolobe Lodge Dialogue weekends with political leaders from across the spectrum.
  • August: Leadership mission to Durban.
  • August: Kolobe Dialogue weekend.
  • September: Zimbabwe church leaders Dialogue weekend at Kariba.
  • September: Visit to Albie Sacks re preamble to SA Constitution and getting it to open up- “In humble submission to Almighty God.”
  • October and November: Two more Kolobe Dialogue weekends.
  • November: Michael speaks at Conference of Asian bishops in Darwin, Australia.


  • Natal Political Leaders Forum in Durban, organised by AE- 5000 present.
  • Sunday 17 April: “Jesus Peace Rally”, Kings Park Stadium, Durban.
  • 19 April: Historic election breakthrough in South Africa announced by De Klerk, Mandela and Buthelezi. AE has a special thanksgiving service on the lawns by the chapel.
  • 27 April: First election in South Africa with universal adult suffrage.
  • May: USA ministries.
  • Death of Israel Havugimana, leader of AE Rwanda (1984 – 1994). On 7th April a plane carrying the presidents of Rwanda and Burundi was shot down in Rwanda. This was the beginning of genocide. Israel and his family were among the first to be lined up and shot by the Hutu militia. One child escaped by hiding pitifully cramped in a tiny cupboard, so much so that months of therapy were needed overseas to loosen the seized-up limbs. Israel, a Hutu, had prophetically chal­lenged the Hutu government over their injustices to Tutsi and oppression of them. He paid the supreme penalty as the genocide got underway with some 850 000 people dying. (funeral see 1997)
  • With Burundi and Rwanda still torn apart by tribal conflict and deep civil strife between Hutu and Tutsi, reconciliation ministries were spearheaded by Emmanuel Kopwe.
  • Ministry to the escapees from the Burundian killing fields at Urubanda refugee camp in southern Rwanda, a few miles from the Burundi border. 23 000 Bu­rundian refugees in this camp. Half of the refugees were under ten years old, most of them orphans. AE joined the Red Cross and others, under the leadership of the United Nations High Commission for Refugees, in an effort to feed these people. AE provided 10 tons of rice and beans three times a week.
  • In the weeks before the genocide Michael Cassidy addressed the majority of church and para-church leaders, as well as assorted political leaders of differ­ent parties in the private home of the American ambassador, David Rawson. He warned of the deep perils ahead for Rwanda unless reconciliation and understanding were reached between Hutu and Tutsi. Rawson later told Mi­chael one of his greatest regrets was not securing American intervention pre the genocide. President Clinton later publically expressed similar sentiments.
  • September: Pretoria/ Midrand Mission.
  • October: “Harare for Jesus”- Ernie Smith and Udo Krueger’s legendary mission set-up produced a staggering 996 meetings for the team to tackle in ten days- almost a hundred per day. One of these meetings was a Presidential Prayer Breakfast for President Mugabe and his cabinet and some 200 other leaders.
  • SA team adapt the Zimbabwean Foxfire model (primarily rural) for the urban centres and schools of SA.
  • November: PACLA II


  • Archbishop Desmond Tutu and Michael Cassidy visit Ntarama, outside Kigali, Rwanda, and see the evidence of brutality. Scores of sculls and ma­cheted limbs were piled high to the roof in this horrific genocide site.
  • Nakuru Mission, Kenya, (24 September -launch of the mission). Rev. Ste­phen Mbogo (Mission co-ordinator and Kenyan team leader at the time). About 5000 people gathered at Afraha Stadium for the opening ceremony.
  • TEASA (The Evangelical Alliance of South Africa) founded, Michael- Vice Chairman.
  • Rukungiri Town Mission: During this mission a man from the crowd came to Bishop Festo with an unusual story. “I must tell you brother, until I came by here today, and heard you speak, I was planning to have an enemy of mine killed. I have already made arrangements with the gunman. Now I can forgive my enemy. I will go and tell him this. Please pray that I can also find this gunman, and stop him.”
  • Michael Cassidy’s book, A Witness Forever, published.
  • Financial crisis in US Support Office – Malcolm and Bertha Graham asked to go to US and take over as US Director.
  • “AE experimented with some decentralisation processes and sought to begin teamlets to do local ministry in major cities around the country.” (pg 352 AH) This led to the Lord’s Counselling Room under David Peters- set up in a shopping arcade in Pietermaritzburg.
  • From Lord’s Counselling Room- David’s team spread forth to daily ministries around the city- Now called the Lord’s Caring Centre.
  • October: “Faithful Friend of Forty Years” (Michael’s five city tour of South Africa speaking on conversion). Fortieth anniversary of his conversion on October 23, 1955).
  • November: Ministry in Northern Ireland.
  • December: Addis Ababa Mission, Ethiopia- 300 000 people at the closing rally on a racecourse where Stephen Lungu preaches. 5000 respond.


  • February: Burundi Peace Conference.
  • February: KwaZulu-Natal Assembly.
  • March: Pretoria Mission.
  • March: Citywide mission to Kampala.
  • April: KwaZulu-Natal Christian Leadership Assembly (KWACLA).
  • Project Ukuthula (Zulu for “Peace”) was launched. Michael Cassidy, Bishop Matthew Makhaye and Bishop Mmutlanyane Mogoba worked with Nelson Mandela towards a peaceful Provincial Election in KwaZulu-Natal, during a time when 20 people a day in KwaZulu-Natal were dying in conflict between ANC and IFP Zulus. “We politicians cannot fix this thing,” confessed the President, “maybe you church people can do it.” “The three Christian leaders were in almost daily contact with KwaZulu-Natal Premier Frank Mdlalose, Zulu King Goodwill Zwelithini and other key players on different sides of the conflict. In the next six weeks, led by the Natal church leaders and AE, the Christians of Natal were activated into the mechanisms of peacemaking and reconciliation. Christians in the police, the military, the media, schools, industry, business or wherever, were urged to change the rhetoric of violence and talk peace and pursue it. Once again, as in 1994, mul­titudes in the churches committed it all constantly to prayer.
  • As “Project Ukuthula” advanced under the Natal church leadership and AE, so the death rate dwindled. By the time the elections were due, the daily death rate was down to zero. As the provincial elections went ahead in peace, Time magazine again commented on three of the most peaceful days in KwaZulu-Natal in several years”. (Extract from African Harvest, Anne Coomes, p 472)
  • May: Musical Road Show for Peace – KwaZulu-Natal, part of Project Ukuthula.
  • Michael speaks at Promise Keepers, USA.
  • September: Johannesburg Leadership Mission.
  • November: “Jimma for Jesus”, city wide mission, Ethiopia (Debrezeit and Nazareth).


  • February: Mission to Accra, Ghana.
  • February: Mission to King William’s Town and Bishu, South Africa.
  • February: Michael Cassidy’s last South African Board Meeting.
  • April: New Castle, citywide mission.
  • May: Ministry tour, Switzerland.
  • May: Ministry tours in Switzerland and Germany.
  • June: Michael Cassidy and Malcolm Graham at Knoxville Promise Keepers (42 000 present).
  • June: Michael Cassidy speaks at the Promise Keepers rally in Charlotte, North Carolina- 52 000 men attended, and then at Soldier’s Field, Chicago (72 000 present, 16 000 respond).
  • AE’s first female team leader was appointed in Tanzania. Grace Kalambo, “Amazing Grace” as she was affectionately known, in her ministry with African Enterprise, saw thousands of people come to Christ.
  • 26 July: Israel Havugimana’s funeral (Body had been kept since 1994 for a proper burial).
  • August: Family Conference in Northern Ireland.
  • August: King William’s Town Leadership Mission.
  • September: “Reconciliation ’97 Conference” in Coventry (Michael and Emmanuel Kopwe speaking).
  • October: Michael Cassidy- Ministry tour, Australia.
  • October: United Ireland Prayer Breakfast for political and church leaders- Protestant and Catholic (including Cardinal Daley) from Northern and Southern Ireland (Dundalk). Michael speaks on Jeremiah 29: 11 – 12, “A Future and a Hope” (Said Michael and Carol Cassidy)- “We never saw so many politicians weeping.” Carol sits with Martin Smith, head of the Orange Order.
  • 13 October: Michael and Paddy Monaham meet Cardinal Daley of Catholic Church at his palace in Armagh.


  • February: Pietermaritzburg Leadership Mission.
  • March: Plettenberg Bay Weekend Mission.
  • May: Mini missions in Richmond and Ixopo.
  • May: Sandton (Johannesburg) Leadership Outreach.
  • June: Richmond, Peace Initiative.
  • Rustenberg Conference II
  • Stephen Lungu became one of AE’s four Deputy International Team Leaders in addition to his role as Team Leader in Malawi.
  • Mission to West Coast University, Ghana.
  • Mission to Luanda, Angola- very difficult mission, but Emmanuel Kopwe’s Reconciliation seminars were a great success.
  • Greg Smerdon- Foxfire Director- took the ministry to new heights.
  • July: Two week Oxbridge Conference- Michael a speaker – “Hundredth Anniversary of the Birth of CS Lewis” in Oxford and Cambridge.
  • Start of AE’s formal Senior’s Ministry under Ralph Jarvis.
  • Michael Cassidy, Emmanuel Kopwe and Olave Snelling- mission to leadership circles of Brussels in Belgium (European Parliament, NATO, business sector, refugees, and European Commission).


  • Pan-African Mission to Egypt
  • IPB – Dar es Salaam, Zanzibar
  • New Zealand: Edward and Vasta Muhima and Michael Cassidy conducted a Reconciliation Conference in Gisborne for Maoris and Pakeha (whites).


  • April: Michael speaks at Lookout Mountain Presbyterian Mission’s Conference.
  • May: Mission to Michaelhouse.
  • June: Winter school at AESA on preaching.
  • August: Billy Graham Evangelists Conference, Amsterdam- AE evangelists attend.
  • September: Michael speaks at “The Gathering” in Washington DC- (Leading funders of North America present).
  • November: Mission to leadership and diplomatic community of Brussels.


  • February: “Operation Seedbed”, major Pan African AE Team Training project at AE Centre.
  • Stephen Lungu’s book, Out of the Black Shadows, published.
  • Pan-African Mission to Egypt, Cairo.


  • Anne Coomes’ book, African Harvest, published.
  • Mark Manley becomes AESA Team Leader.
  • Very Rev Simukayi Mutamangira becomes AE Zimbabwe Team Leader.
  • May: Michael Cassidy preaches at Newlands Rugby Stadium, Cape Town on Day of Pentecost, shown in eight stadiums (330 000 people) across South Africa.


  • January: Conference of South African Evangelists at AE.
  • February – June: Preparations for SACLA II.
  • SACLA II (South African Christian Leadership Assembly): “To discern and act together on what it means according to the scriptures to be witnesses to Jesus Christ as Saviour and Lord in South Africa today. We will also be seeking to look under the guidance of the Holy Spirit at seven of the great giants facing our nation at this time in terms of HIV/Aids, Crime and Corruption, Violence, Poverty and Unemployment, Sexism, Racism, and the Crisis in the South African Family.”
  • August: Citywide mission to Grahamstown.
  • September: Mission to Kinshasa, DRC.
  • November: MASA (Marriage Alliance of South Africa) formed under Chairmanship of Michael Cassidy to contest Same Sex Marriage. MASA loses in constitutional court and in Parliament.
  • November: Mission to European Union, European Commission and Diplomatic Leaders, Brussels.
  • December: City wide mission to Khartoum, Sudan.


  • February: Michael Cassidy attends National Presidential Prayer Breakfast- Washington DC.
  • March: Pan African mission to Alexandria, Egypt.
  • May: Ministry tour to Australia.
  • July: Citywide mission to Kigali, Rwanda.
  • August: Michael Cassidy speaks at New Wine Conference, UK.
  • October: Citywide Pan African mission to Kinshasa, Congo.


  • January: Michael Cassidy attends inauguration of George Bush, Washington DC.
  • February: Michael Cassidy attends National Presidential Prayer Breakfast.
  • April: Franschhoek Mission.
  • May: Marriage Alliance loses court case in Johannesburg re Same Sex Marriage.
  • June: South African Evangelists Conference at AE Centre.
  • August: East Africa Revival Convention, Kigezi, Michael speaker.
  • Citywide mission to Antananarivo, Madagascar.


  • Michael Cassidy’s book, Thinking Things Through (Christian reflections on some contemporary ethical issues), is published.
  • February/ March: Leadership Mission to Sandton, Johannesburg.
  • May: Ministry tour to Australia.
  • July: Mission to Soweto.
  • August: Mission to Rhodes University, South Africa.
  • September: Leadership Mission- Lilongwe, Malawi.


  • February/ March: USA ministry tour.
  • March: Fundraising consultation with consultant Roger Mitty, at AESA Centre.
  • June: Planning for Lausanne III in Budapest, Michael and Carol Cassidy present.
  • August: Wits University Mission.
  • September: Lilongwe citywide mission.
  • October: Lausanne III planning week- Cape Town.


  • March: Evangelism Course at AE, led by Michael Cassidy.
  • May: NIRSA (National Initiative for Reformation of South Africa) Declaration finalised.
  • May:Australian ministry tour.
  • AE Healing and Reconciliation workshops in Burundi: Charles Gashahu and Gilbertine Harerimana were participants in these workshops. Charles is a Hutu man and Gilbertine is a Tutsi woman. They both attended the workshop harbouring bitterness towards the other ethnic group due to the loss of family and other experiences during the civil war. During the workshop they were healed of their emotional wounds, repented of their unforgiveness, and built a friendship. Over the ensuing months they spent time together and decided to marry. They have since given birth to a son whom they affectionately call “Mister Reconciliation”, and have contin­ued sharing their story and ministering reconciliation to many others around Burundi through their ministry “Reconciliation Christian Ministries and Devel­opment” (RCMD Burundi).


  • March: NIRSA National Day of Prayer, South Africa.


  • “Juba for Jesus” Mission, Sudan: AE’s work to rebuild Juba for Christ is based on Nehemiah 2:18, which says, “Let us start rebuilding.” Through Trauma Healing and Reconciliation workshops, pastors were empowered to offer hope and a new way of living to their parishioners, and small teams of local evangelists were trained to work throughout the city in stratified evangelism.
  • The Third Lausanne Congress on World Evangelization was held in Cape Town, 16-25 October. The goal of Cape Town 2010 was to re-stimulate the spirit of Lausanne, as represented in the Lausanne Covenant, and so to promote unity, humility in service, and a call to active global evangelization.
  • Some 4,000 leaders from 198 countries attended as participants and observers; thousands more took part in seminaries, universities, churches, and through mission agences and radio networks globally, as part of the Cape Town GlobaLink.
  • September: Michael Cassidy’s first Barnabas mentoring groups with young leaders across South Africa. The groups meet quarterly in Cape Town, Johannesburg, Pretoria, Pietermaritzburg, Durban, East London, George and Port Elizabeth (first meeting 2nd September in JHB).
  • September: Christians for Peace in Africa Conference at AE Centre.
  • November: Jean van Rensburg dies (AESA prayer coordinator).
  • Miles Giljam becomes Team Leader, AESA.


  • September: Udo Krueger dies.
  • Pan African Mission to Maputo, Mozambique


  • Michael Cassidy made Honorary Chairman of the Lausanne Movement for World Evangelism, succeeding the late John Stott.
  • June/ July: Michael and Carol Cassidy- Ministry tour in Australia.
  • July: Michael and Carol Cassidy– Ministry to Methodist Church Leadership in Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur).
  • August: Mission to Pietermaritzburg, AE’s Jubilee celebrations take place in Pietermaritzburg.
  • August: Michael Cassidy ministers at Centenary Convention of Kampala Diocese.
  • Michael Cassidy receives Distinguished Alumni Award for 2012 from Fuller Seminary.
  • October: Ministry tour to Support Offices- USA, Canada
  • November: Ministry tour to Support Offices – Belgium, Ireland, England.
  • Michael Cassidy’s book, The Church Jesus Prayed For, published.


  • January: Stephen Mbogo – International Team Leader
  • John Richards – COO
  • May: New Barnabas mentoring group in Bloemfontein.
  • June: Lausanne Global Leadership Forum in Bangalore, India- Stephen Mbogo, Mel Mesfin and Michael attending.